Every 5th household in Georgia borrows money to cook dinner
More than half of Georgian population suffer from food availability problem, whereas every 5th person in Georgia borrow money to buy necessary foodstuffs.
This and other noteworthy information in the Oxfam International Charity Organization’s 2016 study (National Nutrition Study in Georgia):
What do we eat?
- Half of the population in Georgia experience medium and low dietary diversity;
- Nutrition of the majority of households in this group mostly comprises cereals and vegetables;
- Fruit and meat are not available to the majority of households due to their economic condition and they are consumed mainly by the families with high income;
- The analysis of food consumed by surveyed individuals for the last 24 hours show that only 34% of respondents ate meat and 46% of households consumed fruit;
- The most severe months, when the respondents are facing shortage of food, are said to be February, March and April;
- The majority of respondents most frequently consume the following 3 dishes: 1) fried potatoes; 2) Lobio (boiled dried beans) and 3) Ajapsandali (egg-plants with tomatoes;
- 68% of low-income families cook dishes from vegetables, whereas 73% of high-income group – from meat;
- The diet of the majority of households in Georgia lacks vitamins, micronutrients, and proteins.
How do we buy food?
- Every 3rd household in Georgia says, they don’t have enough money for purchasing food;
- Every 5th household says, they borrow money or take bank credits to buy food;
- The average monthly income of households in Georgia totals GEL575 and almost half of it is spent on food monthly;
- A low-income household budget totals GEL219 and 65% of that sum, or GEL142, is spent on food;
- A high-income household budget makes approximately GEL1,421 and only 35% of that amount (GEL492) is spent on food.
Elderly and youth
- 53% of lone pensioners don’t consume iron rich products for months. Only 24% in this group can afford buying meat;
- More than 50% of youth aged 10-17 lack vitamins and protein rich food. The youth consume less vegetables, oils, milk and dairy products than adults, but they consume more fruit as compared to adults.
Georgian-style healthy nutrition
- TV and word of mouth are the 2 main sources of information regarding healthy eating for the population;
- Only 29% of respondents believe, their eating pattern is healthy;
- The majority of respondents believe, healthy eating implies the consumption of vegetables;
- Every 5th respondent reports food poisoning of the household members. However, visiting doctors in case of food poisoning is quite rare.
- The respondents mostly consume the imported products;
- At the same time, the majority of consumers believe, Georgia-made products are more healthy and genuine, though they buy the imported goods, as they are often cheaper