Soviet chemical weapons were produced in the Russian village Shikhany
Since the New Year, the village of Shikhany in Saratov Oblast has lost its status as a Closed Administrative-Territorial Unit. According to statements from representatives of the British intelligence services, it was here that the Novichok was produced [the agent that, according to the British government, was used in the attempted poisoning of former Russian intelligence officer Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia – JAMnews].
Anyone who wants can now visit the hometown of Saratov’s most famous brand. The residents of Shikhany are concerned that now their financing will be significantly reduced, layoffs will begin, and their specialized clinic will be closed.
Poverty is more frightening than chemicals
“The institute was about ten kilometres from here. I try not to go there. The less you know, the better you sleep,” says Sergei Izvekov, a resident of Shikhany. The State Institute of Organic Synthesis Technology, which developed chemical weapons during the Soviet era, went bankrupt and officially ceased to exist ten years ago.
“We didn’t put too much thought into what precisely the chemists were doing, even though we lived next door to them. It was dangerous to ask,” Sergei says with a shrug.
When the village was closed, almost all the organizations were directly subordinate to the leadership in Moscow. “The committees from the capital were afraid of travelling here. They didn’t even want to wash their hands under the tap. They’d say ‘bring us water from [the neighboring town] Volska’,” remembers Izvekov. He himself was for some reason not concerned about the ecological cleanliness of the area.
“For us it will be a tragedy if they close the medical centre. They’ve made cuts to the gynecological and surgical units. During the New Year holidays I was taken to the regional hospital with a suspected case of appendicitis. They fed me porridge made with water. But in our medical centre there was always a menu, like in a kindergarten!”
They’re also concerned about cuts to the defense and law-enforcement agencies. Without special status, there’s also no need for people in epaulets. There’s no other work for the men in the village.
The removal of the closed status means a significant reduction to finances – in two years’ time the village will have to live purely on its own income and oblast subsidies, as financing from Moscow will be cut.
They haven’t thought up a replacement
Vladimir Fedosov first saw Shikhany in 1975.
“The local director came to us at the institute. He said, ‘go to an urban-type settlement; your institute will be a little far off, in the woods, but there will be hazard pay’.”
Brilliant graduates from the Moscow and Leningrad institutes of chemical engineering gathered at the secret institute. They quickly advanced in their scientific careers. The young families were allocated apartments in what were, by contemporary standards, comfortable five-story apartment buildings.
“We received great goods!” says Vladimir Fedosov, listing off scarce goods: “Olive oil, tangerines, bananas… I first saw Italian jeans here. They shipped them in and sold them in the shop without any sort of allocation system! In my house I had a long wall dresser, an East-German bedroom, a Polish kitchen, and soft, Yugoslavian furniture. In 1986 I received a Vosmyorka from the union, and it had only just come out in 1985! It’s absolutely correct that the Motherland valued our work.”
In the 1990s, after the signing of the Chemical Weapons Convention, it suddenly turned out that the institute’s primary form of work was banned. Residents of Shikhany were not included in the chemical weapons destruction programme, for which billions were allocated from the budget. The scientists began to move away. Fedosov was forced to give up his beloved chemistry. Now he works at the vocational and technical school in neighboring Volska.
Thanks to Novichok, the name Shikhany is now known around the world. But this hasn’t brought any good to the village. Almost half the residents are retired. Fedosov’s daughter, like most of the young people born in Shikhany, works in Saratov, and his son works in Astrakhan. “They haven’t thought up a replacement for the institute,” sighs Vladimir.