Surkov was a symbol of the Kremlin in regions involved in conflicts with the shadow participation of Russia, he also oversaw the pro-Kremlin youth movements
In Soviet times, Abkhazia was an autonomous republic within Georgia. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Abkhazia strove to become an independent country, while Tbilisi insisted that Abkhazia remain an autonomous republic within an independent Georgia.
War broke out on August 14, 1992, and the end of the military phase of the conflict came about on September 27, 1993.
The war ended with the defeat of the Georgian armed forces. According to various sources, more than 13,000 people died, about 300,000 people became refugees and internally displaced persons. Most of them are ethnic Georgians, most of whom still cannot return.
In 1994, the parties signed the “Ceasefire and Separation of Forces Agreement” in Moscow, through the special envoy of the UN Secretary General. Large-scale violations of this agreement to date have been recorded three times – in 1998, 2001 and 2008.
Until 2008, the CIS Collective Peacekeeping Force was fully deployed in the zone of the Georgian-Abkhaz conflict, fully staffed by Russian troops.
The UN observation mission in Georgia has also worked in the conflict zone and on the territory of Abkhazia.
After the five-day war around South Ossetia in August 2008, Russia recognized Abkhazia as an independent country. Diplomatic relations between Moscow and Tbilisi were cut off.
Abkhazia has constructed itself as an independent republic; this status, apart from Russia, has been recognized by only several countries. Georgia considers Abkhazia a part of its territory which Russia has occupied. Most of the international community consider Abkhazia a separatist region of Georgia.
Photo from the archive of Giorgi Tsagareli, provided by the author
ИнгурГЭС - единственный источник электроэнергии, но уровень воды там критически низкий. Видеорепортаж и обсуждение - что делать
Abkhaz opposition leader Aslan Bzhania commented on his position on dialogue with Georgia
How Abkhazia is trying to restore its historic archive which burned down 27 years ago during the Georgian-Abkhaz conflict
What has remained or can be restored since the fire took place? How international and Georgian experts are helping – in a report from the storage archive in Abkhazia
The main topic of discussion in Georgia is whether direct negotiations are needed
The Abkhaz legislature seeks to emphasize a key difference between itself and South Ossetia: that under no circumstances will Abkhazia become a part of any other state, including Russia
A glimpse of Potskhoetseri, a village in Western Georgia where 171 families of IDPs from Abkhazia were moved - very much against their will - eight years ago
“In the corridors of the conflict – Abkhazia 1989-1995.” Tbilisi exhibition will travel to other cities of Georgia
President of the Swiss parliament was among the guests at the closing ceremony for the Tbilisi exhibition
The closure was introduced more than three months ago, after the start of protests in Tbilisi
The former state minister for reconciliation presented his own vision of resolving the conflicts in Abkhazia and South Ossetia
Details of the proejct, and what’s in it for Georgia, Russia and Armenia
Russian MFA spokeswoman: “Georgia has finally acknowledged that the Ossetians and the Abkhaz are not Georgian citizens”
Maria Zakharova touched on several difficult problems regarding the relations between Russia and Georgia
Moscow is concerned about relations between Tbilisi and NATO